Language is a medium of communication within the family and society. Every tongue expresses the culture of society to the complete satisfaction of its members. The language an individual speaks is for him or her the most expressive and often the most beautiful of all languages. It is very important for one to learn how to communicate with their surroundings as it is impossible to live without communication. If a person is mute or deaf, they must learn how to speak by using sign language. One characteristic of language as the mother tongue is finding names for objects and persons within the child’s reach, so it is possible for a child to grasp, repeat and understand the world.
One´s mother tongue makes it possible for a child to take part in the knowledge of the social work. Another impact of the mother tongue is that it brings about the reflection and learning of successful social patterns of acting and speaking. It is basically responsible for differentiating the linguistic competence of acting.
Therefore, as shown in Table 1, 46,780 or 98.257% out of the 47,610 household population in 2000 census in the City of Batac speaks the Ilocano dialect. Only 240 or 0.50% speaks Tagalog and the remaining 1.24 % or 590 speak English, Kankaney, Aklanon, Kapampangan, Ilonngo, Waray etc.
Depression has poor external and internal drainage. Level areas have good external but mostly poor internal drainage. Sloping areas have good to excessive external drainage and fair internal drainage to the shallow portions of depressed areas which are planted with rice during the rainy season.
POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH RATE
The total population of Batac City as of the latest NSO Census (2015) was 55,201.
From the first census year in 1903, Batac’s population continuously increased. It was noted that from 1903 to 1918, there was an absolute change of 4,732 persons or 1.48%. On the other hand, from 1918 to 1939, there was an absolute decrease of 1,779 persons or -0.37% for the reason that the World War I broke-out.
From 1939 to 1948, it reflected an absolute increase of 380 persons or 0.19%. It reflected again an absolute increase of 4,552 persons or 1.54%, for the year 1948 to 1960.
An absolute change of 5,975 persons, was shown from 1960 to 1970. From 1980 to 1990 there was an absolute high increase of 5,513 persons or 1.47%. Moreover, from 1990 to 1995, there was a slight increase of 2,442 persons or 1.11%.
The National Census and Statistics Office, now the Philippine Statistic Authority, 2000, 2007, 2010 and 2015 reports showed that the city has a population of 47,682, 50,675, 53,542 and 55,201 respectively. For censal years 2000 to 2007, it shows a growth rate of 0.87% or an equivalent of 2,993 persons annually. For the years 2007 to 2010, it shows a growth rate of 1.85% or an equivalent of 2,867 persons and for 2010 to 2015, it showed a growth rate of 0.61% or an equivalent of 1,659 individuals. Computation used was the Geometrical method of population growth rate.
The historical growth of the population in the different census years in Batac City is shown in Table 3.
GROWTH OF BARANGAY POPULATION
Batac City posted a total population of 55,201 persons as of the August 2015 National Census. This recorded a 0.61 percent increase (1,659persons) over the 2010 census.
Among the 43 barangays of the city, Brgy. Aglipay of the urban area has the most populated barangay with a 2.56 percent share (1,412 persons) of the city’s total population, followed by Brgy. Nalupta with percent share of 2.22 (1,228 persons). For the least populated urban barangay, Brgy. Lacub was identified which have a 0.91 percent share (502 persons) of the city’s total population. On the otherhand, Brgy. Tabug of the rural area posted the most populated barangay having a share of 6.12 percent (3,381 persons) of the city’s total population followed by Brgy. Baay with a 5.57 percent (3,075 persons). Barangay Bininggan posted the least populated barangay in the rural area with a percent share of 0.81 % or an equivalent of 445 individuals. (See Table 4.)
The gross density of Batac City with a population of 55,201 in 2015 was 3.00 persons per hectare wherein the total land area is 16, 101 hectares. With an urban population of 12,481 in 2015 and a total land area of 190.6126 hectares, the gross urban density is 65 persons per hectare. On the otherhand, the total rural land area is 15,910.3882 hectares and the rural population is 42,720 as of 2015, the population density is 3 persons per hectare. (See Table 5.)
HOUSEHOLD POPULATION AND AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE
In the 2000 National Census, Batac has a total household population of 47,610. The urban population share was 23.88%, while the rural area share was 76.12%. On the otherhand, the total number of household in 2000 was 9,882. Out of it, 2,441 or 24.70% were residing in the urban area and 7,441 or 75.30% were residing in the rural area (see table 3A.8). The average household size for the same period was five (5) persons per household.
URBAN – RURAL DISTRIBUTION
The Philippine Statistics Authority 2015 report revealed that the urban population was 12,481 and the rural population was 42,720. In the urban barangays, Aglipay has the biggest population with land area of 11.6013 while Brgy. Lacub has the smallest population of 502 persons with a land area of 8.51hectares respectively. At the rural area, Brgy. Tabug has the most number of population followed by Brgy. Baay which have a 3,381 persons and 3,075 persons respectively. (See Table 5).
Urban population decreased by 32 within a span of five (5) years, from 2010 to 2015. This is due to the out migration of residences who went to reside abroad, nearby town or in the rural area of the city. The rural population, on the other hand increased by 1,691 from 2010 to 2015. Please refer to Table 4.
TEMPO AND LEVEL OF URBANIZATION
For the census year 2000, the urban population recorded a negative growth rate of -1.3318%. This negative growth rate is due to out-migration of residents in the urban area maybe for the reasons that they have preferred to reside at the rural area as reflected in the increase of its population, or maybe, most of the residents from the urban areas go abroad for a greener pasture.
For a span of seven years, urban barangays in the locality have increased its growth rate from -1.33187 to 0.5251%. This means that population in the urban barangays have increase, more job opportunities and residents have found more security for their families with regards to financial status. For the census year 2007, the tempo of urbanization is 23.35%. This means that population in the rural areas are growing faster than the urban. However, for census year 2010, there was an increased in the tempo of urbanization of .02 percent. But, result in the recently concluded National Census last August 2015, the city’s tempo of urbanization decreased to 22.61% from the 2010 National Census of 23.37%. This means that residents prefer to reside in the rural areas or resident’s properties for residential dwellings are mostly located in the rural areas (See Table 7.)
AGE – SEX DISTRIBUTION
As shown in Table 8, with regards to total population, male and female population is relatively equal in number for the census year 2015. In 2015, the age specific sex ratio indicates that male plurality occurred in age group 5-9, 10-14, 20-24, 25-29 & 30-34. But, from age group 40-44 to 80 & over, females outnumbered the males.
Of the 50,675 population in 2007, 15,344 belonged to the younger age group, 3,636 to the older group, 31,695 or 60% belonged to the productive/working age group. For census year 2010 and 2015, young and old dependency ratio have remain the same with that of the census year 2007. As can be deduced from Table 9, although the younger and older age group have increased, population of the economically active age group that supports the younger and older age group have also increased.
As per 1990 record of the National Statistics Office, labor force of the City of Batac has 29,032 household population 15 years old and over. Males which belong to the labor force that are employed, numbered to 10,979 or 37.82% and 4,128 or 14.22% belong to the female. Unemployed male numbered to 395 or 1.36% while the unemployed female numbered to 690 or 2.38%. Household population not in the labor force comprises of 2,699 male and 10,141 female. Since the female outnumbered the males which belong to the not in the labor force, it could be assumed that most of them are plainly housewives. Please refer to Table 10.
PROJECTED LABOR FORCE
By the year 2013, it is projected that the total household population would be 58,898, of which, 39,697 household population would belong to the 15 years old and over which comprises the working population. Out of the 15 years old and over population, 22,151 belong to the labor force with which 20,667 are employed and 1,484 are unemployed. Population not in the labor force numbered to 17,546. For the year 2018, household population that are in the labor force would be 23,711, of which 22,122 are employed and 1,589 are unemployed. Not in the labor force population would be 18,782. (See Table 11.)
The household population that are not in the labor force are those that belong to the dependent group. These are the household population that are still studying and those that are in the old – age group. They are dependent with the economically active age – group.
It could be deduced from Table 11 that household population not in the labor force are increasing, however, the city government sees to it that this situation is being taken cared of because the city government believes that giving dole – outs is not the solution to alleviate poverty, or the means to improve economic status and quality of life of its people. Instead, the city government empowers its constituents with the right skills and trainings which they can utilize for livelihood and employment. This includes the livelihood trainings for senior citizens and scholarship programs to poor but deserving students
PROJECTED POPULATION SIZE
Based from the Geometric Method of population projections, the projected population in the year 2016 is 55,538; 55,877 in 2017; 56,217 in 2018; 56,560 in 2019; and 56,905 in 2020. Moreover, from the 2010 and 2015 census, the computed annual growth rate of the city is 0.61%. Refer to Table 3 and Table 12